I had the opportunity, recently, to speak to a wonderful group of women about healthy travels to India. Conversation turned to ‘food choices’ and what kinds of dishes will offer the most nourishment as well as support stressed immune systems. I always think of the culinary herbs and spices of India as a sort of ‘kitchen medicine’.
India is known for having the largest vegetarian community in the world. Legumes (beans) and pulses (lentils) are the mainstay of everyday cooking and join in the ‘parade of colours’, complementing both delicate and bold vegetable dishes.
Within India’s colourful array of classic dishes ~ exist a treasure-trove of delicious, nutritious and power-packed choices for your health. Thick books filled with Indian cooking & sumptuous recipes featuring the many regional cuisines within this magical sub-continent can teach us how to prepare the dishes themselves, but it may be helpful to know a little more about the herbs & spices which are the backbone of this exotic land’s meal offerings.
Here are a list of some of the ingredients in the ‘kitchen medicine’ of India. This is a mini-list featuring some of the power-packed plant “attributes” which will support days of busy on-tour activities, offer fuel for the body, and support for digestion and immune system function. Whether at home or ‘on the go’, these herbs and spices are LIFE-ENHANCING!
See below this list for some menu ideas and Stay tuned for more Kitchen Medicine!
- aids digestion
- excellent digestive aid
- relieves gas, bloating, cramping, nausea
- regulates blood sugar
- increases digestive ability
- soothes stomach
- supports respiratory system
Chillies-Chilis-Chiles (verdict is out on the correct spelling!)
- pain-relieving (arthritic conditions)
- preventive re blood clots
- increases metabolism
- helps to keep blood sugar ‘even’ or ‘balanced’
- anti-bacterial & anti-fungal
- heart protective, lowers cholesterol
- supports healthy teeth & gum health
- anti-bacterial (proven to combat H.pylori & E.coli, Staphyloccus)
- oil of cloves repels mosquitoes
- extremely soothing re digestive upsets (soothes minor and major tummy woes, constipation)
- stops intestinal spasms, eases flatulence
- reduces redness re inflammatory skin disorders(rosacea, eczema, psoriasis)
- blocks action of bacteria which causes food poisoning (studies from India)
- anti-cancer, anti-diabetic
- plays a role in prevention of cataracts
- powerful digestive aid
- reduces cramps, settles tummy
- kidney supportive, anti-cancer
- regulates blood sugar
- regulates blood sugar
- regulates overall cholesterol
- regulates cholesterol
- anti-diarrhea (90% effective killing virus which causes TD)
Sesame Seed (and Sesame oil)
- reduces blood pressure
- lowers cholesterol in post-menopausal women
- boosts healing, anti-aging actions of vitamin E
- almost TOO numerous to mention; has more than 50 healing attributes
- pain reliever (headaches and general aches), powder speeds wound healing
- antacid to soothe digestive issues, clears nasal passages
- excellent anti-tumour, anti-cancer. See my other posts re this superstar healer.
Other healthy ingredients to watch out for:
- all purpose healer; asthma, soothes coughs
- reduces hypertension
- Anti-bacterial (also can kill salmonella)*
Galangal ( India’s cousin of Ginger)
- anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-ulcer, anti-diabetic
Curry Leaf (not to be confused with Curry powder or sauce)
- reduces high blood sugar, high cholesterol
Garlic, Ginger, Onions – superstars ~ my three daily favourites!
Kokum ~ this is the tiny fruit of the Kokum tree from Western India
- helps to prevent infection
- eases arthritic pain
- improves digestion
- reputed to reduce cravings, curb appetite and has a reputation for
being India’s very own “weight loss herb”
So, from this list of some of the ‘stars’ of Indian cuisine’s list of healing plant medicine, there are lots of healthy possibilities. Do you know that “curry powder” is actually a combination of herbs and spices which varies from region to region and actually even from family to family? In fact, curry is a cooking style, not a single dish made with “curry powder”. It’s easy to make your own blend but there are many wonderful curry blends on the market. Essentially; it’s always savoury and always spicy ~ not necessarily hot-spicy as in cayenne peppers or ‘piquant’ (as in Mexican cuisine for example)
Traditional curries typically contain the following: black pepper, coriander, curry leaves, cumin, mustard seed, and turmeric; red chilis are optional. The style of each curry and the ‘heat’ will vary with additional ingredients from region to region within India or Thailand or … well.. there are traditional blends created daily all over the world!
In much the same way as an Italian nonna or French cook will simmer meats or vegetables in herbs and wine, traditional curries are created by simmering vegetables, meats, fish, poultry in a liquid infused with the cook’s special combination.
Here’s an example of what can be added to the basic blend above to further enhance the flavours:
Garam Masala is India’s most popular spice blend. Normally, it’s used as North Americans use salt & pepper, being added towards the end of meal preparation. As it’s not a bitter spice mix, it can be sprinkled onto vegetables, or into grain dishes, soups or stews and does need to be simmered at length to decrease the pungency. Here’s a recipe for this, the most popular of all Indian spice blends:
8 tablespoons coriander seeds
4 tablespoons cumin seeds
2 tablespoons caraway seeds
2 tablespoons black peppercorns
4 teaspoons cardamom seeds (brown)
2 three-inch cinnamon sticks
2 whole nutmeg
2 teaspoons cloves (whole)
1. In a small heavy skillet, over medium heat, gently pan toast (one ingredient at a time) cumin seeds, coriander seeds, caraway seeds, peppercorns, and cardamom until they change colour and emit a light fragrance. Turn the seeds often so that they don’t burn. Set aside on a plate to cool.
2. Use a food processor or spice grinder to process the nutmeg and cinnamon sticks.
3. Add the cloves and the lightly toasted seeds to the nutmeg/cinnamon mixture and grind to a fine powder.
Store in a container with a tight-fitting lid. I prefer glass, personally. This recipe makes about 1 cup.
Enjoy it within 6 months.
Within the Indian Menu:
I promised to offer some suggestions for healthy menu items and when I started to make a list…it became evident that, since entire websites offer this info, I’d best share my favourites and let those interested in a more in-depth discussion, go for a ride on the internet or to your local library.
For those wanting to enjoy the vegetarian cuisine options in India, there are 1000s of options! Lentils and beans, rice dishes, vegetables alone or combined with rice, beans, lentils or paneer (Indian cheese). Cooling raita made from yogurt accompanies and brings balance to the warming spiced foods on every menu. Ok..
Here are a few of my favourites:
Pakora - appetizer fritter – made with Ajowan
Samosas – vegetable or meat-filled dumpling – made with Ajowan
Lentil dishes are high in fibre and an excellent source of nutrients; often contain Ajowan to prevent flatulence & improve digestion. Often called ‘Dal’, these are very common; more than 60 kinds of lentils are used in India; offers huge affordable protein choices to this largely vegetarian society
My own personal favourites are “Saag Paneer” ~ spinach and India’s wonderful paneer cheese, cumin, garlic, chili powder.
“Aloo Gobi Masala” ~ potato & cauliflower curry is extremely tasty with cumin, coriander, garlic, ginger, curry powder and turmeric
“Channa Masala” ~ featuring chickpeas with ginger, cumin, coriander, chili powder, so delish but not too ‘hot’. Sometimes with tomatoes as well.
“Vegetable Biriyani” ~ extremely tasty rice dish with vegetables and a variety of healing spices and topped with the crunch of cashews and almonds and raisins.
SO.. whether you are off to exotic India on vacation, or perhaps interested in expanding your horizons in the kitchen, the herbs & spices of Indian cuisine do indeed provide a treasure-trove of healthy options!
What’s your favourite Indian dish? Indian herb or spice? Love to hear your comments!